Common Health Issues in GSD
Health Issues in the German Shepherds dog
Over the years, indiscriminate breeding practices have lead to hereditary diseases such as hip and elbow dysplasia, blood disorders, digestive problems (probably due to nerves), epilepsy, chronic eczema, keratitis (inflammation of the cornea), dwarfism and flea allergies. In order to avoid these conditions, it is imperative that you deal with breeders of the highest standards. Breeders such as ourselves are committed to eliminating these genetic disorders, and therefore build our breeding program very conscientiously in consequence. This insures that you can enjoy peace of mind, and enjoy a full and productive life with your shepherd.
Health disorders sometimes encountered in german shepherds:
Hip and Elbow Dysplasia (HD/ED) - Hip Dysplasia is the result of the malformation of the hip joint(s). This condition is a common difficulty in most of the large dog breeds and is both genetic and environmentally influenced. Be sure that both parents of any German Shepherd Dog puppy you are considering purchasing is certified by OFA, OVC or Penn Hip to be free of Hip Dysplasia. Over-feeding, over-exercise and injury while young may also contribute to your puppy damaging his hips (leading to degeneration). Elbow Dysplasia is a developmental disorder of the bones associated with the elbow joint. This disease is generally accepted as genetic in nature, and can occur in multiple levels of severity. As with Hip Dysplasia, both parents should be certified as free of Elbow Dysplasia prior to breeding.Test with SV or OFA.
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency (EPI)- This disorder of the digestive system is potentially life threatening (particularly in its acute form) but often responds well to treatment. It is more common in some breeds than others and is frequently seen in German Shepherd Dogs. Successful treatment of pancreatic problems requires close cooperation between owner and veterinarian, as well as a certain flexibility in working with changes in the animal's condition. No genetic test available.
Inter vertebral Disc Disease -German Shepherd Dogs are prone to degenerative disc disease although some bloodlines appear to have a higher incidence of this problem than others. Dogs with spinal problems should never be used for breeding. Dogs producing offspring with spinal abnormalities should be spayed or neutered. No genetic test available.
Osteochondrosis Dissecans (OCD) -Osteochondrosis Dissecans is a disorder of bone formation resulting from a defect in the transition of cartilage into bone during the growth process. This condition appears to be genetic in nature, being far more common in some bloodlines than others. Similar to hip dysplasia, environmental factors can be contributory. No genetic test available.
Panosteitis - Occasionally referred to as "wandering lameness" or Pano for short, this disease presents itself as spontaneous lameness, affecting dogs between the ages of 5 to 14 months. It's also known as "long bone disease", "shifting leg lameness" and "growing pains". "Pano" can be detected and diagnosed by x-ray. Onset can be from 5-12 months (occasionally later) and last until 18 months or more. Though it is uncomfortable for the puppy, it almost always grows out of it. The lameness need not be limited to one leg. Pano is generally considered to be a polygenic trait with limited heretibility . No genetic test available.
Degenerative Myelopathy - Generally appearing in middle-aged dogs degenerative myelopathy is relatively common in German Shepherd Dogs. Triggered by the body's auto-immune system, a progressive degeneration of the spinal cord occurs. Beginning with the hind limbs this disease progressively weakens the entire body. Genetic Tested and monitored.
Skin Problems- Unlike humans who react to allergens with nasal symptoms, dogs react with skin problems. These problems may range from poor coat texture or length, to itching and chewing, to hot spots and self mutilation. Allergies may also play a part in chronic ear infections. To make matters more difficult to diagnose and treat, thyroid disease may add to the problem as well. No genetic test available.
Hemophilia A -This recessive genetic disorder is usually found in males, with females being the carriers. Commonly referred to as the "bleeders disease", hemophilia is due to insufficient levels of the factor VIII blood clotting factor. Usually accompanied by hematomas (pockets of blood under the skin), this condition is present from birth. Genetic Tested and monitored.
Pancreatitis- Pancreatitis is the inflammation of the pancreas. This condition can occur once in dogs life, or be the first of many (chronic) occurrences. One of the main contributors to pancreatic flair ups is dietary (dog fed a particularly high fat meal), which the digestive system is not accustomed to.No genetic test available. No genetic test available.
Diabetes Mellitus -As with diabetes in humans, diabetes mellitus in dogs is primarily attributed to insufficient insulin production by the pancreas. Diabetes impacts the entire animal. With early diagnosis, treatment, and controlled diet the animal can live a long healthy life. No genetic test available. No genetic test available.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) - Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) and Central Progressive Retinal Atrophy (CPRA) are among the most common eye problems in German Shepherd Dogs. These conditions usually begin to display symptoms at about 2 years of age. They are progressive in their degeneration. Both conditions are hereditary. Genetic Tested and monitored.
Sub-Aortic Stenosis (SAS) -This congenital heart condition has been found in German Shepherd Dogs, although major efforts are underway to eliminate (severely reduce) this condition. Ranging from minor heart murmurs to fatal, this condition covers a wide array of symptoms. No genetic test available.
Epilepsy - Epilepsy is a hereditary seizure disorder. This disease cannot be cured, but it can be controlled with medication. The dog with epilepsy can live a fairly normal life, but cannot be placed in the stressful situation of showing, and certainly should not be bred. Some genetic tests available (MDR1).
Von Willebrand's Disease (vWD)- von Willebrand's disease is a hereditary bleeding disorder. It impacts the dog's ability to clot blood (similar to hemophilia). This disorder is found in both males and females. Genetic Tested and monitored.
Bilateral Cataracts -Cataracts in dogs can be identified as opaque spots on the lens of the eye. These spots may cause total or partial loss of vision. Some cataracts are hereditary while others are not. In some cases surgery may help the dog recover. Genetic Tested and monitored.
Cherry Eye-The tear gland that normally occupies the base of the third eyelid occasionally becomes enlarged, and will protrude beyond the leading edge of the third eyelid. This protrusion will appear as a round, red mass (cherry eye). No genetic test available.
Cryptorchidism- Cryptorchidism is a genetic condition in which either one or both testicles do not descend into proper location within the scrotum. This is hereditary and dogs exhibiting this condition should never be used for breeding. No genetic test available. No genetic test available.
Bloat- Bloat is a condition where a dog's stomach produces excessive gas and enlarges severely enough to cause death without immediate treatment. No genetic test available.
Megasophagus- Megaesophagus is a generalized enlargement of the esophagus -- a muscular tube connecting the throat to the stomach -- with a decreased to absent motility. Esophageal motility is required for moving food and liquid down to the stomach. Dogs will regurgitate their food. No genetic test available.
Pannus-chronic superficial keratitis is an immune-mediated condition affecting the cornea or clear part of the eye. It occurs primarily in middle-aged German shepherd dogs, but other breeds may also be affected. No genetic test available.
Hemangiosarcoma-Hemangiosarcomas of the spleen and liver are highly metastatic and malignant vascular neoplasms (tumors in the blood vessels) that arise from the endothelial cells (the cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels). No genetic tests available.
Hyperuricosuria and Hyperuricemia or Urolithiasis
Primary Lens Luxation